Hypothyroidism is a medical condition, which is an endocrine gland. It is located at the front of the neck, below Adam’s apple, it is attached with two lobes by a thin band of tissue called the thyroid isthmus. It regulates hormones in our body. Problems start when these glands are unable to produce enough thyroid hormones.
The thyroid hormones can affect every organ in our body, such as heart, brain and skin tissues. As an example, thyroid glands produce hormones which travel through the bloodstream. Metabolism plays an important role, in maintaining growth and development of the body.
Usually, when any problem occurs in these glands doctors try to fix it by mechanism way. These medicine helps to release a hormone in a suitable way. There are many types of treatment that can control this issue.
Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism
- In hypothyroidism, the thyroid glands are not able to produce enough hormones thus it does not function in the proper way.
- Hyperthyroidism occurs when thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are produced too much which is not good for health
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
The disease is not detected at an early stage. But later some symptoms appear. The symptoms and signs may vary from person to person. Firstly the symptoms that appear are fatigue or weight gaining. Metabolism of the body continues to slow down, and gradually some more problems start occurring in our body.
Hypothyroidism symptoms are:
- Weight gain
- Dry skin
- Muscles Weakness
- The rise in blood and cholesterol level
- Thinning of hair
- Enlargement of the thyroid gland
- Impaired memory
Causes of hypothyroidism
When the thyroid gland does not produce proper hormones than the body function imbalances to work properly. As a result, there can be many causes for this.
- If a person is treated for hyperthyroid treatments earlier, than they are prone to have hypothyroidism
- Autoimmune disease
- Thyroid surgery
- Radiation therapy
- Certain medications,
Above all Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. This autoimmune disorder tends to appear when there is a production of antibiotics that attacks our own tissues in our body.
Production of excess hormones in the glands. Radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications improves it to function normally.
for example, removal of the thyroid gland or a larger portion of it can stop or lower the production of hormones. Generally, in that case, intake of thyroid hormones has to be done for life long.
A cancer patient needs radiation for treating cancer. But this radiation can affect the thyroid gland to function normally.
Medication that is used to treat certain psychiatric disorders can be another cause of hypothyroidism.
Diagnosis of hypothyroidism
Generally, it can be diagnosed by some symptoms such as:
- feeling very tired
- dry skin
- weight gain
- treated for thyroid or goiter
Blood Test: A blood test is the most important role in the diagnosis. it checks the level of TSH and sometimes even the thyroid hormone thyroxine.
The pituitary gland makes a hormone, called thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). TSH controls our thyroid in guiding how much hormone it should make and release.
If TSH level is high, and a low level of thyroxine, then it indicates an underactive thyroid. The TSH level tests are very important in managing hypothyroidism. TSH level is the best screening tests that are checked by the doctors initially and after that thyroid hormone tests are done if needed. With the help of these tests, doctors can determine the correct dosage of medication.
Treatment of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is treated by medicines and pills to regulate the hormone levels. We must have regular health checkups, to keep eye on our thyroid levels.
If thyroid disorders are untreated than it can create some problems such as:
- heart problems
- joint pain
- it can even lead to infertility
In pregnant women, it can affect the fetus. Do not ignore any symptoms and consult your doctor. The treatment would also focus on giving you an essential level of iodine.
Too little iodine in our diet can sometimes create hypothyroidism. The basic and foremost treatment involves the daily medication of unnatural thyroid hormone, and it can be used orally.
The treatment starts showing effect within weeks and we can notice visible changes within some time. It is an ongoing condition so we have to check it regularly. And keep in touch with our doctor, they will reduce or increase the dosages of thyroid medicine.
Who requires thyroid treatment?
The treatment can work best when diagnosed in the starting stage. Hence, if we notice any symptoms than checkup with our doctor for the thyroid disorders is required. Before starting any treatment our doctor should know about our physical condition and your allergic levels.
If we are under medications for certain other conditions, then we should let our doctor know about it.
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
The treatment is eligible for a person in whom symptoms appear. Before taking the treatment, the doctor should know about the medicines, we are undertaking currently. The thyroid medications can even cause some reaction to the pills, which we are going to take.
What are the post-treatment guidelines
The most part of the treatment depends on the post-treatment guidelines. We need to intake certain foods like, increase salt intake to maintain iodine levels. We need to change our lifestyle. Keep track of thyroid levels periodically with the doctor. In the case of surgery, we need to rest for some weeks for recovery, to start work again.
Duration of recovery
Generally, recovery depends on how our body responds to the treatment. Since our thyroid levels can increase slowly, it may take some time before we are fully recovered. Accordingly, the dosages of the pills and the medications have to be increased or decreased as per our thyroid needs. We should consult with our doctor regularly and have periodic checkups.
The surgical procedure is done by precision a type of laser or a key hold surgery. In which a very minimal incision is very small. As a result, recovery is very fast.
Is curing thyroid permanently possible
Generally, treatment depends on increasing our thyroid levels. It depends on and our lifestyle and medical conditions. It can reappear again. Checking with our doctor periodically is essential. For the most part, we can avoid such situations by following a diet plan along with the medication.
In short when these two thyroid hormones level are very low it causes hypothyroidism.
- triiodothyronine (T3)
- thyroxine (T4).
Foods to eat coupled with medication are:
Although only food is not a matter, that will change the levels, it can surely help in improving the absorption level of the body to absorb these hormones. Also changing our diet habit can also help us
- Food rich in nutrients: They helps to improve our health and even benefits our thyroid gland.
- Antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables: Tomatoes, bell peppers, blueberries and food which are rich in antioxidants should be eaten. It can improve the health of a person and gives benefit to the thyroid gland.
We should avoid some food such as:
- iodine-rich food
- iron and calcium
- supplements high-fibre food
- certain vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, spinach, kale, sprouts as that contain medication of thyroid absorption.
Natural remedies for hypothyroidism
Most of the times it is caused due to bad eating habits, stress or missing food.
- Sugar-free diet: Eliminating sugar from our diet may regulate the level of our energy. Starting a sugar-free diet may help benefits your thyroid health.
- Vitamin B: Vitamin B makes an impact on your thyroid level. Body’s vitamin B-12 levels are affected due to the low thyroid hormones.
- Probiotics: Probiotic food, there are live bacteria because it contains live bacteria which helps to keep our stomach and intestine healthy.
Complications of hypothyroidism
If hypothyroidism is not treated properly, in infants or children. Then it can increase the risk of complications in life such as:
- Hypothyroidism in children: If a pregnant woman is a thyroid positive than a baby can also be infected. But when all these problems are detected shortly just after birth than the newborn baby can be cured.
- Goiter: Bulging in the neck, when the thyroid is high then it requires effort to produce an adequate amount of hormones. Glands are located in the neck so it causes bulging.
- Heart Problems: If the thyroid is underactive then it may increase the risk of heart disease as the risk of bad cholesterol. Bad cholesterol is not good for the heart. As a result, there is a buildup of fluid around the heart. Which creates the problem in the heart.
Risk factors of hypothyroidism
Risk factors including hypothyroidism:
- If our family has a history of thyroid or any autoimmune disease.
- Having type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis or any other autoimmune disorder.
- If our upper chest or neck has been exposed to radiation for the treatment of cancer or x-ray.
- Thyroid surgery earlier.
- If you have taken anti-thyroid medication before this may increase the risk of hypothyroidism.
To treat this disease there are some other alternatives also.
- Homeopathy can also cure hypothyroid.
- Herbal medicine
- Changing lifestyle
- adding a healthy diet
- Increasing idolized salt
- adding food rich in Omega 3 Fatty acids in diet will help us a lot