Hypotension or low blood pressure. A blood pressure reading lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic) is generally considered low blood pressure.
Low blood pressure. Optimal blood pressure is reading is less than 120mm Hg and above 80 mm Hg. The first number indicates the systolic pressure or the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and fills them with blood. The second number represents the diastolic pressure which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats. Low blood pressure may cause inadequate blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs. A sudden drop in blood pressure often occurs when someone suddenly rises from a lying down or sitting position. This is called postural hypotension and may cause light-headedness and dizziness.
Having low blood pressure is good in most cases (less than 120/80). But low blood pressure can sometimes make you feel tired or unsteady. In those cases, low blood pressure can be a sign of an underlying condition that should be treated.
Low blood pressure is measured when your heartbeats, and in the periods of rest between heartbeats. The measurement of your blood pumping through your arteries when the ventricles of the heart squeeze are called systolic pressure or systole. The measurement for the periods of rest is called diastolic pressure, or diastole.
Accordingly, Systole supplies your body with blood, and diastole supplies your heart with blood by filling the coronary arteries. Reading is written with the systolic number above the diastolic number. Low blood pressure in adults is defined as a reading of 90/60 or lower.
Cause of low blood pressure
Everyone’s blood pressure drops at one time or another. And, it often doesn’t cause any noticeable symptoms. Certain conditions can cause extended periods of low blood pressure that can become dangerous if left untreated. These conditions include:
- pregnancy, due to an increase in demand for blood from both mother and the growing fetus
- large amounts of blood loss through injury
- impaired circulation caused by heart attacks or faulty heart valves
- weakness and a state of shock that sometimes accompanies dehydration
- anaphylactic shock, a severe form of an allergic reaction
- infections of the bloodstream
- endocrine disorders such as diabetes, adrenal insufficiency, and thyroid disease
Medications might also cause low blood pressure to drop. Beta-blockers and nitroglycerin, used to treat heart disease, are common culprits. Diuretics, tricyclic antidepressants, and erectile dysfunction drugs can also cause low blood pressure.
Some people have low blood pressure for unknown reasons. This form of low blood pressure, called chronic asymptomatic hypotension, isn’t usually harmful.
Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure
People with low blood pressure may experience symptoms when their blood pressure drops below 90/60. Symptoms of hypotension can include:
- clammy skin
- loss of consciousness
- blurry vision
Symptoms can range in severity. Some people may be slightly uncomfortable, while others may feel quite ill.
Types of Low Blood Pressure
Hypotension is divided into several different classifications according to when your blood pressure drops.
Orthostatic hypotension is the drop in blood pressure that occurs when you transition from sitting or lying down to standing. For instance, It is common in people of all ages.
As the body adjusts to the position change there may be a brief period of dizziness. This is what some people refer to as “seeing stars” when they get up.
Such as postprandial hypotension is a drop in blood pressure that occurs right after eating. So then it is a type of orthostatic hypotension. Older adults, especially those with Parkinson’s disease are more likely to develop postprandial hypotension.
Neurally mediated hypotension
Neurally mediated hypotension happens after you stand for a long time. Children experience this form of hypotension more often than adults. Emotionally upsetting events can also cause this drop in hypotension.
Generally, severe hypotension is related to shock. Shock occurs when your organs do not get the blood and oxygen they need to function properly. Also, severe hypotension can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
In the meantime, your treatment will depend on the underlying cause of your hypotension. In summary, treatment could include medications for heart disease, diabetes, or infection.
Drink plenty of water to avoid hypotension due to dehydration, especially if you are vomiting or have diarrhea.
Staying hydrated can also help treat and prevent the symptoms of neurally mediated hypotension. If you experience low any issue while standing for long periods, be sure to take a break to sit down. Also, try to reduce your stress levels to avoid emotional trauma.
Such as treat orthostatic hypotension with slow, gradual movements. Instead of standing up quickly, work your way into a sitting or standing position using small movements. You can also avoid orthostatic hypotension by not crossing your legs when you sit.
Hypotension Low Blood Pressure
Likewise, shock-induced hypotension is the most serious form of the condition. In particular severe hypotension must be treated immediately. For instance emergency, personnel will give you fluids and possibly blood products to increase your blood pressure and stabilize your vital signs.
The perspective of low blood pressure
To summarize most people can manage and prevent hypotension by understanding the condition and being educated about it. Learn your triggers and try to avoid them. And, if you’re prescribed medication, take it as directed to increase your blood pressure and to avoid potentially harmful complications.
And remember, it’s always best to notify your doctor if you are concerned about your hypotension levels and any symptoms you have.
Home remedies for hypotension
There are some home remedies for hypotension that you can employ in order to deal with the symptoms of erratic hypotension.
Eat small portions frequently
Sneak healthy snacking sessions in-between the major meals of the day to avoid long gaps. Eating small portions several times of the day helps in preventing the sudden drop in hypotension that one may experience after meals. So, if you are eating three full meals a day, it would be better to rather have them distributed into five small meals a day. This one’s a great home remedy for also people who have diabetes.
Have adequate salt
Excess salt is bad, but on the other hand, it is required by your body in moderate quantities. Your daily diet must contain at one teaspoon of added salt besides what you derive from natural fruits and vegetables. In summers or if you exercise daily, keep some lime water with a pinch of salt handy. Saltworks like an instant pick-me-up. Make sure you do not have too much salt too which may lead to problems like water retention along with hypertension.
Drink more fluids:
Drink at least 2 to 3 liters of water every day. Besides this, including drinks like coconut water, bael ka sharbat English word Bel fruit, and Aam Panna (raw mango pulp) in your low blood pressure diet. These will give you the necessary electrolytes required to maintain the fluids in your body. Dehydration is a common cause of low blood pressure. Pomegranate juice is rich in antioxidants called polyphenols and may help you lower your blood pressure. One of the best ways to fight dehydration is water; so, do not forget to load up on enough water for the day.
Caffeinated beverages like tea or coffee may help boost your blood pressure temporarily. When your blood pressure dips suddenly, a cup of coffee tea can get your circulation going. It causes a short, but dramatic increase in your blood pressure. Although nobody knows why this happens, it is believed to help you improve your blood pressure.