Hair fall is a common problem, which can affect anyone, whether male or female. Many reasons for hair loss can be responsible for this. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) notes that 80 million men and women in America have hereditary hair loss (alopecia). It can affect just the hair on your scalp or your entire body. Although alopecia is more prevalent in older adults, excessive hair loss can occur in children as well.
Generally, it’s normal to lose between 50 and 100 hairs a day. With about 100,000 hairs on your head, that small loss isn’t noticeable.
New hair normally replaces the lost hair, but this doesn’t always happen. Hair loss can develop gradually over years or happen abruptly. Hair loss can be permanent or temporary.
It’s impossible to count the amount of hair loss on a given day. You may be losing more hair than is normal if you notice a large amount of hair in the drain after washing your hair or clumps of hair in your brush. You might also notice thinning patches of hair or baldness.
If you notice that you’re losing more hair than usual, you should consider the problem with your doctor. They can determine the underlying cause of your hair loss and suggest appropriate treatment plans.
Causes of Hair loss
If you have a family history of baldness, you may have this type of hair loss. Certain sex hormones can trigger hereditary hair loss. It may begin as early as puberty.
In some cases, hair loss may occur with a simple pause in the cycle of hair growth. Major illnesses, surgeries, or traumatic events can trigger hair loss. However, your hair will usually start growing back without treatment.
Hormonal changes can cause temporary hair loss. Examples include:
Medical conditions that can cause hair loss include:
- thyroid disease
- alopecia areata (an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles)
- scalp infections like ringworm
Diseases that cause scarrings, such as lichen planus and some types of lupus, can result in permanent hair loss because of the scarring.
Hair loss can also be due to medications used to treat:
For instance a physical or emotional shock may trigger noticeable hair loss. Examples of this type of shock include:
- a death in the family
- extreme weight loss
- a high fever
People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) have a need to pull out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.
Traction hair loss can be due to hairstyles that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very tightly.
A diet lacking in protein, iron, and other nutrients can also lead to thinning hair.
Some women may suffer from this type of hair loss problem even between the ages of 30 and 60. However, the exact cause of telogen effluvium is not yet known.
Other causes of hair loss
- Alopecia Areata – Severe hair loss problem
- Anemia (lack of blood)
- Autoimmune conditions such as lupus (the immune system attacks healthy tissue)
- due to burning
- Certain infectious diseases such as syphilis – a type of bacterial infection caused by sexual intercourse
- excessive shampooing and blow-drying
- change in hormones
- thyroid disease
- Certain habits such as constantly brushing the hair, pulling or rubbing the scalp
- Tinea Capitis – Ringworm of the Scalp
- bacterial infection of the scalp
Diagnosis of hair loss
Persistent hair loss often indicates an underlying health issue.
Your doctor or dermatologist can determine the cause of your hair loss based on a physical examination and your health history. In some cases, simple dietary changes can help. Your doctor may also change your prescription medications.
Thus If your dermatologist suspects an autoimmune or skin disease, they might take a biopsy of the skin on your scalp.
This will require carefully removing a small section of skin for laboratory testing. It’s important to keep in mind that hair growth is a complex process. It may take time to determine the exact cause of your hair loss.
Treatment of hair loss
Generally, medications will likely be the first course of treatment for hair loss. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications generally consist of topical creams and gels that you apply directly to the scalp. In particular the most common products contain an ingredient called minoxidil (Rogaine).
According to the AAD, your doctor may recommend minoxidil in conjunction with other hair loss treatments. Side effects of minoxidil include scalp irritation and hair growth in adjacent areas, such as your forehead or face.
Prescription medications may also treat hair loss. Doctors prescribe the oral medication finasteride (Propecia) for male-pattern baldness. You take this medication daily to slow hair loss. Some men experience new hair growth when taking finasteride.
Rare side effects of finasteride include diminished sex drive and impaired sexual function. There may be a link between the use of finasteride and a more serious type (high-grade) of prostate cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic.
The doctor also prescribes corticosteroids like prednisone. Individuals with alopecia areata can use this to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. Corticosteroids mimic the hormones made by your adrenal glands.
A high amount of corticosteroids in the body reduces inflammation and suppresses the immune system.
For the most part you should monitor the side effects of these medications carefully. Possible side effects include:
- glaucoma, a collection of eye diseases that can result in optic nerve damage and vision loss
- fluid retention and swelling in the lower legs
- higher blood pressure
- high blood sugar
There is evidence that corticosteroid use may also put you at higher risk for the following conditions:
- calcium loss from bones, which may lead to osteoporosis
- thin skin and easy bruising
- sore throat
Medical procedures for hair loss
Such as sometimes, medications aren’t enough to stop hair loss. There are surgical procedures to treat baldness.
Hair Transplant Surgery for Hair Loss
Hair transplant surgery involves moving small plugs of skin, each with a few hairs, to bald parts of your scalp.
This works well for people with inherited baldness since they typically lose hair on the top of the head. Because this type of hair loss is progressive, you would need multiple surgeries over time.
In a scalp reduction, a surgeon removes part of your scalp that lacks hair. The surgeon then closes the area with a piece of your scalp that has hair. Another option is a flap, in which your surgeon folds a scalp that has hair over a bald patch. This is a type of scalp reduction.
Tissue expansion can also cover bald spots. It requires two surgeries. In the first surgery, a surgeon places a tissue expander under a part of your scalp that has hair and is next to the bald spot. After several weeks, the expander stretches out the part of your scalp that has hair.
In the second surgery, your surgeon removes the expander and pulls the expanded area of the scalp with hair over the bald spot.
For the most part these surgical remedies for baldness tend to be expensive, and they carry risks. These include:
- patchy hair growth
- wide scars
Your graft might also not take, meaning that you would need to repeat the surgery.
How you can prevent hair loss
There are things you can do to prevent further hair loss. Particularly don’t wear tight hairstyles like braids, ponytails, or buns that put too much pressure on your hair. Over time, those styles permanently damage your hair follicles.
Also, try not to pull, twist, or rub your hair. Make sure you’re eating a balanced diet that includes adequate amounts of iron and protein.
Certain beauty regimens can worsen or cause hair loss.
If you’re currently losing hair, use gentle baby shampoo to wash your hair. Unless you have extremely oily hair, consider washing your hair only every other day. Always pat the hair dry and avoid rubbing your hair.
Styling products and tools are also common culprits in hair loss. Examples of products or tools that can affect hair loss include:
- blow dryers
- heated combs
- hair straighteners
- coloring products
- bleaching agents
If you decide to style your hair with heated tools, only do so when your hair is dry. Also, use the lowest settings possible.
Home remedies for hair loss
1. Coconut Oil
- Massage the hair and scalp thoroughly before sleeping at night.
- Then wash the next day with a mild shampoo.
- Coconut oil can be used two to three times a week.
Coconut oil can be useful in reducing hair damage. It is quite mild and can provide deep nourishment to the hair. Using coconut oil before or after washing hair helps retain hair proteins, which may promote hair health. Also, the use of coconut oil can reduce the risk of hair loss or breakage.
2. Onion Juice
- an onion
- a cotton ball
- Grind the onion and extract its juice.
- Now dip a cotton ball in it, apply the juice from the roots to the ends of the hair.
- After about half an hour wash the hair with cold water and shampoo afterwards.
According to research published on the website of NCBI (The National Center for Biotechnology Information), the use of raw onion juice on the scalp has been found useful in hair re-growth.
3. Curry leaves
- handful curry leaves
- cup coconut oil
- Add a handful of curry leaves to half a cup of coconut oil and heat it in a saucepan.
- When the mixture turns light black in color, switch off the gas and leave the mixture to cool down.
- Filter the mixture after it cools down.
- Now apply this mixture on your hair and scalp, leave it for half an hour.
- After that wash off with shampoo and conditioner.
- It can be used once a week.
Curry leaves have been used for hair for many years. It can act as a hair tonic and help in retaining the colour of the hair, as well as in the freezing of new hair. Not only this, but curry leaves can also reduce the risk of greying hair. Although there is no exact scientific evidence about this yet, one can use curry leaves to keep the hair healthy.
- an egg
- two to three tablespoons almond oil
- Mix egg white with almond oil.
- Now apply it on your hair.
- After about half an hour wash the hair with shampoo.
Eggs can be an effective ingredient for keeping hair healthy. It can not only keep hair healthy but also prevent hair damage or breakage. Eggs for hair can also be used with many other ingredients such as olive oil, honey and yogurt. Not only this, but egg yolk can also be beneficial for hair and can act as a useful treatment for hair loss.
- 4-5 amla
- one cup coconut oil
- Boil amla in coconut oil till the oil turns black.
- After this cool the oil and massage the head with it.
- After about 20-30 minutes wash your head with shampoo.
Amla has been used as a hair tonic. The use of amla can help strengthen the hair. If amla is used with coconut oil, it can be helpful in preventing hair fall. In addition, amla can provide nourishment to the hair, making hair healthy. If gooseberry is consumed then it can be more beneficial. Amla contains vitamin C, which can be beneficial for hair fall.
- one spoon liquorice powder
- a cup of milk
- a spoonful of saffron
- Mix liquorice powder and saffron in milk and mix.
- Apply this mixture on the head before sleeping at night.
- Wash the head thoroughly the next morning.
- It can be used once to twice a week.
Liquorice is used in hair tonics. Liquorice can help prevent hair loss. In addition, shampoo containing liquorice can be beneficial for keeping hair healthy and for other hair problems. However, no exact scientific evidence regarding this is yet available. It is a herbal herb so it can be used to keep hair healthy.
7. Green Tea
- two green tea bags
- two to three cups of hot water
- Put both the tea bags in hot water and wait till the water cools down.
- Wash the hair with this water, taking out the tea bags.
- Also massage the head.
The benefits of green tea for hair are also many. Green tea contains a polyphenol called epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). EGCG may aid in hair growth as well as be beneficial for alopecia.
- a bowl of curd
- few fenugreek seeds
- Grind the fenugreek seeds in a mixer.
- Now add this powder to curd and mix it.
- Apply this mixture on the scalp and hair and massage the scalp with light hands.
- After about 20 minutes wash your hair with lukewarm water and shampoo it.
Yogurt is a source of probiotics. According to research published on the NCBI website, the use of probiotics can work to improve hair growth and thickness.
- 10 Chinese Hibiscus Flowers
- 2 cups pure coconut oil
- Heat Chinese hibiscus flower by mixing it with coconut oil.
- When the flowers burn well, separate the oil.
- Apply this oil on the scalp and hair every night and wash it the next morning.
Apart from this, hibiscus leaves can also be used.
- 1-2 hibiscus flowers
- 5-6 hibiscus leaves
- Coconut oil (as needed)
- Blend hibiscus flowers and leaves.
- Add a little coconut oil to this mixture.
- Apply it on your scalp and spread it through your hair.
- Leave it for 30-60 minutes.
- Then wash off with shampoo and conditioner.
- Can use it once a week.
Hibiscus flowers and leaves can be beneficial for hair. Actually, according to research done on rats, hibiscus flowers and leaves can help in hair growth. Research has revealed that leaves can be more useful than flowers. Apart from this, the hibiscus can also be used as a hair tonic. Its use can reduce hair fall to a great extent.
10. Rosemary Oil
- rosemary oil as needed
- 8 to 10 drops olive or coconut oil
- Mix rosemary oil and olive or coconut oil.
- Apply it on the head before sleeping at night, wash the hair the next day.
- It can be used once or twice a week.
Using rosemary oil can be very beneficial for hair. The use of rosemary oil or its leaves can be beneficial for hair growth. However, more precise research is still needed on this topic.
11. Aloe Vera
- an aloe vera leaf
- Boil aloe vera leaves in hot water and then grind them to make a paste.
- Now after washing the hair, apply the paste well on the hair.
- After this, massage the scalp with light hands.
- After about 15 minutes wash the hair with cold water.
- It can be applied two to three times a week.
The benefits of aloe vera are many. Along with health and skin, aloe vera can also be beneficial for hair. It helps in hair fall and hair growth. Aloe vera can be used as a medicine for hair fall. It can protect the hair from damage and help in keeping the hair healthy. Aloe vera can also be used with other ingredients such as almond or castor oil.
- one teaspoon shikakai powder
- one spoon aloe vera powder
- one spoon amla powder
- one teaspoon henna powder
Note – If you want, you can also use the powder of mixture of Amla, Reetha, Shikakai and Henna available in the market.
- Mix all these ingredients in equal quantity and make a paste.
- Now apply the mixture on your scalp and hair.
- After a while wash the hair with lukewarm water and do shampoo.
- This home remedy can be used twice a week as a hair loss medicine.
Shikakai is a herbal herb. It has been used for years as a herbal shampoo for hair growth and washing. Not only this, along with cleaning the hair, anti-dandruff shampoo made from it can also be helpful in getting rid of dandruff. More research is currently needed on how it works on hair.
After home remedies for hair loss, now it is the turn of diet. Here is information about how to stop hair fall by consuming foods.
Diet for Hair Fall Treatment
Diet also plays an important role when it comes to ways to prevent hair loss. If the diet is right then the hair will also be healthy. At the same time, nutritional deficiencies can also be the cause of hair loss.
What to eat to stop hair fall
Egg – Consumption of eggs can be beneficial for hair. Actually, eggs contain protein and a lack of protein can lead to hair loss. If someone does not eat eggs, then he can consume other protein-rich foods like almonds or peas. Not only protein, but eggs also contain biotin, which can be beneficial for hair.
Omega 3 and 6 – Consuming omega 3 and 6 may be beneficial for preventing hair loss. You can consume salmon fish, walnuts for omega 3 and walnuts or pumpkin seeds for omega 6.
Iron – Iron can also be beneficial for making hair healthy. In this case, iron-rich foods such as spinach, peas or kale can be consumed.
Zinc – Talking about nutrients, zinc deficiency can also cause hair fall. In such a situation, a diet rich in zinc, which includes foods like chicken, almonds, oatmeal, peas. They can be consumed.
What to avoid eating
Vitamin A – Vitamin A is beneficial for hair, but excessive consumption can cause hair loss.
Also, it may be a good idea to stay away from the food and beverages mentioned below, they can complicate the problem of hair. However, scientific evidence is not available about how it affects the hair.
- sugary beverages
- junk foods
- more tea and coffee
Apart from hair loss medicine and remedies, there are other things that need to be taken care of.
Some more ways to prevent hair fall
Along with treating hair loss and taking home remedies for hair loss, it is also necessary to take care of some important things. These measures are related to the lifestyle of the person and there is no exact scientific evidence available for them.
- There are many types of chemicals in the hair color available in the market, which is not good for the hair. Frequent hair coloring can cause hair breakage, as well as reduce the natural shine of the hair.
- Clean the comb regularly.
- Wear a head scarf or cap before going out in the sun to protect the hair from the harmful rays of the sun and pollution.
- Do not touch your hair again and again.
- Do not wash hair with hot water. Washing with hot water can make hair dry, lifeless and damaged.
- Exercise regularly.
- Stay away from stress or worry.
- Do yoga or meditation.
- Consume vitamin C-rich foods such as oranges or lemons
- fish oil can also be consumed on medical advice for hair fall
If you notice that a certain medicine is causing you to lose more hair, stop taking it immediately and consult your doctor.
Why does hair fall in winter?
Hair falls more during the winter. There is no exact scientific evidence available for this reason yet. However, it can be estimated that due to dry air, the scalp also becomes dry, which can lead to hair fall.
Which foods cause hair loss?
We have mentioned above that excessive consumption of vitamin-A rich foods, sugary beverages, alcohol, junk foods and excessive consumption of tea and coffee can cause hair loss.
Point of view
You can stop or even reverse hair loss with aggressive treatment, especially if it’s due to an underlying medical condition. Hereditary hair loss may be more difficult to treat. However, certain procedures such as hair transplants can help reduce the appearance of baldness.