Freakish speed of corona virus 2019
At the starting of the year 2020, a new virus launched generating headlines all over the world because of its freakish speed of transmission, known as COVID 19.
To begin with, this disease started from a food market in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and reached the world as distant as the United States and the Philippines.
Particularly the virus (officially named SARS-CoV-2) has been responsible for millions of infections globally, causing hundreds of thousands of deaths. In addition to the most affected country in the United States
For the most part, the cause of this infection with SARS-CoV-2 is called COVID-19. Stands for coronavirus disease in 2019.
Such as let’s discuss some myths about this infection:
- how this coronavirus is transmitted
- it’s similar to and different from other coronaviruses
- thus how to prevent transmitting it to others if you suspect you’ve contracted this virus
What are the symotoms
As a result, all the Doctors from around the world are learning new things about this virus every day. So far, we know that COVID-19 may not originally cause any symptoms for some people.
Generally, the virus remains in our body for 2 days to 2 weeks before we notice symptoms.
Also, the common symptoms that have been specifically linked to COVID-19 include are:
- Shortness of breath
- a cough that gets more severe over time
- a low-grade fever that gradually increases in temperature
- Less common symptoms include:
- repeated shaking with chills
- sore throat
- muscle aches and pains
- loss of taste
- loss of smell
- Also, these symptoms may become more severe in some people. Call emergency medical services if you or someone you care for have any of the following symptoms:
- trouble breathing
- blue lips or face
- persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- excessive drowsiness
COVID-19 versus the flu
We’re still thinking about whether the 2019 coronavirus is more or less deadly than the seasonal flu.
In this case, it is difficult to get the final number of total cases, including mild cases in people who don’t seek treatment or get tested, is unknown.
However, early proof suggests that this coronavirus causes more deaths than seasonal flu.
An estimated 0.04 to 0.2 percent of the Trusted source of people who developed the flu during the 2019–2020 flu season in the United States died as of April 4, 2020.
Such as here are some common symptoms of the flu:
- runny or stuffy nose
- sore throat
- body aches
What causes coronaviruses
In this case, it is known that if first developed in animals before being transmitted to humans.
In short Corona, the virus transmits from person to person through respiratory droplets. Generally, the wet stuff that moves through the air when we cough, sneeze, or talk enters our body.
These droplets enter in respiratory tract lungs when we breathe, there it can stay start an infection.
Also, it’s possible that we could get SARS-CoV-2 if we touch our mouth, nose, or eyes after touching a surface or object that has the virus on it.
Such as this transmission likely occurred in the open food market in Wuhan, China.
Who are at increased risk
SARS-CoV-2 infected person can infect another person also. For the most part, the saliva or droplets of sneeze cough can infect another healthy person.
Without taking proper preventive measures, we’re also at high risk if we:
- live with someone who has contracted the virus
- are providing home care for someone who has contracted the virus
- have an intimate partner who has contracted the virus
Hand washing is Key
To begin with, washing our hands and disinfection surfaces can help decrease our risk of contracting this and other viruses.
In addition, older adults and people with convinced health conditions have a higher risk for severe complications if they contract the virus. Thus these health conditions include Trusted Source:
- serious heart conditions, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathy
- kidney disease
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- obesity, which occurs in people with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher
- sickle cell disease
- a weakened immune system from a solid organ transplant
- type 2 diabetes
In this case, pregnant women have a higher risk of complications from other viral infections, but it’s not yet known if this is the case with COVID-19.
Generally the CDC Trusted Source states that pregnant people seem to have the same risk of contracting the virus as adults who aren’t pregnant. However, the CDC also notes that those who are pregnant are at greater risk of getting sick from respiratory viruses compared to those who aren’t pregnant.
Transmitting the virus from mother to child during pregnancy isn’t likely, but the newborn is able to contract the virus after birth.
Diagnosis of Covid-19
Similarly COVID-19 is analyzes the same way as to other conditions caused by viral infections: using a blood, saliva, or tissue sample. However, most tests use a cotton swab to get a sample from the inside of our nostrils.
Such as the CDC, some State Health Departments, and some commercial companies conduct tests.
Likewise, on April 21, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Trusted Source approved the use of the first COVID-19 home testing kit.
For instance, using the cotton swab provided, people will be able to collect a nasal sample and mail it to a label laboratory for testing.
In this case we should talk to our doctor right away if we think we have COVID-19 or may notice symptoms.
Our doctor will advise:
- In the first place is to be at home and monitor our symptoms
- come into the doctor’s office for a checkup
- going to the hospital if an emergency
What treatments are availble
According to the result, currently, no treatment specifically approved for COVID-19, and no cure for an infection, although treatments and vaccines are currently under trial.
Above all seeking medical help if symptom suspects COVID-19. In this case, our doctor will suggest treatment for any symptoms or complications that develop and let us know if we need to seek emergency treatment.
In addition to other coronaviruses like SARS and MERS are also treated by managing symptoms. Furthermore, In some cases, experimental treatments have been tested to see how effective they are.
Therefore some therapies that are used for these illnesses include:
- in this case antiviral or retroviral medications
- breathing support, such as mechanical ventilation
- as a result of steroids to reduce lung swelling
- also blood plasma transfusions
What are the possible complications from COVID-19
For the most part, the severe problem of COVID-19 is a type of pneumonia that’s been called 2019 novel corona virus-infected pneumonia (NCIP).
In this case, results from a 2020 study of 138 people admitted into hospitals in Wuhan, China, with NCIP found that 26 percent of those admitted had severe cases and needed to be treated in the intensive care unit (ICU).
For the most part, about 4.3 percent of the people who were admitted to the ICU died from this type of pneumonia.
Above all, it should be noted that people who were admitted to the ICU were on average older and had more basic health conditions than people who didn’t go to the ICU.
Also, researchers have seen the following complications in people who have developed COVID-19:
- ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
- (arrhythmia) irregular heart rate
- cardiovascular shock
- (myalgia) severe muscle pain
- heart damage or heart attack
For the most part, wearing masks can help us to prevent the spread of the virus from the person to person. Although, masks alone do not protect against COVID-19, and should be combined with physical distancing and hand hygiene. Follow the advice provided by your local health authority.