The definition of allergy
In particular, allergies are affecting around one in five people. In the first place, there are many reasons for allergy and symptoms that vary from mild to life-threatening. Generally, allergy is one of the main characters associates with the cause and persistence of asthma. An allergy occurs when a person reacts to substances in the environment that are harmless to most people. These substances are known as allergens and are found in dust mites, pets, pollen, insects, ticks, moulds, foods and some medications.
Atopy is the genetics reason to produce allergic conditions. When atopic people are caught to allergens they create an immune effect which leads to allergic swelling. As a result, this can cause signs such as:
- Nose and/or eyes, developing allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and/or conjunctivitis.
- Skin appearing in eczema, or hives such as (urticaria).
- Lungs resulting in asthma.
What happens when an allergic reaction occurs?
When a person who is allergic to a particular allergen comes into contact with it, an allergic effect happens:
- When the allergen (such as pollen) enters the body, it triggers an antibody response.
- The antibodies attach themselves to mast cells.
- When the pollen comes into connection with the antibodies, the mast cells respond by releasing histamine.
- When the release of histamine is due to an allergen, the resulting swelling (redness and inflammation) is annoying and painful.
Related effects can happen to some chemicals and food additives. However, if they do not affect the immune system, they are known as adverse reactions, not an allergy.
Which part of the body are affected while an allergy attack?
People feel many types of symptoms, depending on the type of allergen and from where it enters the body. Therefore, an allergic reaction may include many parts of the body at the same time.
Nose, eyes, sinuses and throat
When allergens enter our body while breathing through the nose, it secretes histamine which causes the lining of the nose to produce more mucus and become swollen and inflamed. Together with it causes itchiness in the nose, and severe sneezing may occur. In addition, eyes may start to water and people may get a sore throat.
Lungs and chest
Stomach and bowel
Generally, foods that commonly cause allergy include peanuts, seafood, dairy products and eggs. Cow’s milk allergy in infants may occur and can cause eczema, asthma, colic and stomach upset. For the most part, some people cannot digest lactose (milk sugar). Lactose intolerance causes stomach upsets, but should not be confused with allergy.
Skin problems that can be triggered by allergy include atopic dermatitis (eczema) and urticaria (hives).
Life threatening allergic reactions require immediate treatment
In this case, most allergic reactions are gentle to moderate and do not cause extreme problems. However, a small number of people may experience a critical allergic reaction called anaphylaxis, which needs urgent life-saving medication. Generally, allergens which may cause anaphylaxis include foods, insects and medications. People with a severe allergy should have an ASCIA Action Plan for Anaphylaxis.
Effective prevention and treatment options are available
Reducing dust mite in the home may help reduce symptoms in people who are allergic to mites. Such as, drugs which are used to treat allergies are:
- Antihistamines block histamine flows from the mast cells, reduces symptoms. Non-sedating antihistamine tablets are available from the chemist without a prescription. Antihistamine nasal and eye sprays are also available.
- Intranasal corticosteroid nasal sprays (INCS) are effective for the treatment of moderate to severe allergic rhinitis when used correctly. A prescription may be required for a stronger dose of INCS. You should ask your doctor for advice.
- Combination therapies (INCS and antihistamine) are used for the treatment from moderate to severe allergic rhinitis and offer the advantages of both medications.
- Medicated eye drops can be helpful in some cases, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
- Adrenaline (epinephrine) – is used for first aid emergency treatment of life-threatening severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis). Adrenaline is usually given using an adrenaline autoinjector that can be given without medical training.
Non-medicated treatments such as saline sprays are used for treating allergic rhinitis and sinusitis.
Allergen immunotherapy (also known as desensitisation) is a long-term treatment which changes the immune system’s response to allergens. Generally, it includes the management of routine, slowly increasing amounts of allergen extracts, by injections or by sublingual tablets, sprays or drops.
Such as if you have an allergy see your local pharmacist or doctor. In some cases, you will be transferred to a clinical immunology/allergy specialist for further investigations and advice.
How can we treat skin allergy by home remedies
If your skin has an allergic reaction to a plant, animal, food, or other material, there are a variety of home remedies that can help you to get comfortable. Likewise, home remedies that people have been used for years to relieve the symptoms caused by allergic skin reactions. Such as:
Oatmeal has a variety of biologically active features, together with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory ingredients. Accordingly, these all can calm and soothe the itch of allergic skin reactions.
Simple ways to use oatmeal to treat skin, allergic reaction includes an oatmeal bath or application. Therefore, both require powdered oatmeal. Therefore you can make powdered oatmeal by grinding oatmeal into a fine powder using a blender, food processor, or coffee grinder.
- Add 1 cup of powdered oatmeal to a bathtub of lukewarm water.
- Mix the oatmeal thoroughly into the bathwater.
- Get into the tub and fully immerse your body.
- After 30 minutes, rinse yourself with a cool, gentle shower.
- Add 1/4 cup of powdered oatmeal into a mixing bowl.
- Mix distilled water into the powdered oatmeal, 1 tsp. at a time.
- Continue mixing and adding water until you have a smooth, spreadable paste.
- Apply the paste to the affected area.
- Gently wrap the area with a moist cloth.
- After 30 minutes, remove the moist cloth and gently rinse the area with cool water.
- Moisturize the area.
Options: Also, you can add 1 teaspoon of cocunut oil, four drops of lavender essential oil, or even both.
Likewise, baking soda can improve the pH imbalance and works as an anti-inflammatory to soothe your skin allergy.
Baking soda paste
- Mix together 4 tbsp. of baking soda and 12 tbsp. of distilled water until it forms a paste.
- In short, apply the paste to the itching area.
- After 10 minutes, mildly rinse the area with cool water.
Option: Instead of water, use coconut oil.
Baking soda bath
- Mix 1 cup of baking soda into a bathtub of lukewarm water.
- Stir until fully mixed.
- Soak your body fully immersed for about 15-minutes.
- Rinse yourself in a gently in lukewarm shower.
Plants and herbs
Natural practitioners promote a variety of plants to treat skin allergies. Some of these suggested plants include:
- Aloe vera. Topical use of the clear gel of the aloe plant may calm the itch of atopic dermatitis and other skin issues.
- Rumex japonicus Houtt. this common herb as a likely useful alternative remedy for atopic dermatitis.
- Persimmon leaf extract. oral intake of persimmon leaf extract confirms both preventive and healing conditions for atopic dermatitis.
- Konjac ceramide. consuming konjac ceramide by mouth relieves skin conditions and reduce allergic responses in children with atopic dermatitis.
Other plants and herbs as a home remedy for skin allergy:
- English marigold
- stinging nettle
As with any treatment you’re considering, consult with your doctor before following any medication — natural or otherwise.