What Causes Acne or pimples?

Overview

Your skin has little holes known as pores that can become obstructed by oil, bacteria, dead skin cells, and dirt. When this happens, you may produce a pimple. If your skin is regularly affected by this situation, you may have acne. The difference between acne and pimples is that acne is a disease and pimples are one of its symptoms

Alt=A lady having acne is worried, and she is picking on her right side of her face.
Acne

Acne is the most common skin condition among most of us. Although acne isn’t a life-threatening situation, it can be uncomfortable, especially when it’s critical. It can also cause irrational distress.

Acne that appears on your face can affect your self-confidence and, over time, may cause persistent physical scarring.

There are many effective treatments for acne that reduce both the number of pimples you get and your chance of scarring.

Symptoms of acne

Acne can be found nearly anywhere on your body. It most generally occurs on your face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders.

Alt=types of acne
Types of acne

If you have acne, you’ll typically notice pimples that are white or black. Both blackheads and whiteheads are known as comedones.

Blackheads present at the surface of your skin, giving them a black look because of oxygen in the air. Whiteheads are closed just under the surface of your skin, giving them a white appearance.

While whiteheads and blackheads are the most common lesions seen in acne, other types can also occur. Inflammatory lesions are more likely to cause scarring of your skin. These include:

  1. Papules are small, red, elevated bumps caused by inflamed or infected hair follicles.
  2. Pustules are small red pimples that have pus at their tips.
  3. Nodules are solid, often painful masses beneath the surface of your skin.
  4. Cysts are large lumps found under your skin that contain pus and are usually painful.

Causes of acne

It happens when the pores of your skin become obstructed with oil, dead skin, or bacteria. Each pore of your skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle is made up of a hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland.

The oil gland discharges sebum (oil), which moves up the hair, out of the pore, and onto your skin. The sebum keeps your skin greased and soft. When too much oil is produced by your follicles dead skin cells accumulate in your pores bacteria build up in your pores

These difficulties contribute to the development of pimples. A pimple appears when bacteria grow in a sealed pore and the oil is unable to escape.

Risk factors for developing acne

Myths about the cause of acne are quite common. Many people assume that foods such as chocolate or French fries will contribute to acne. While there’s no scientific support for these claims, there are several risk factors for developing it. These include:

  1. hormonal changes caused by puberty or pregnancy
  2. specific medicines, such as some birth control pills or corticosteroids
  3. a diet high in processed sugars or carbohydrates, such as bread and chips
  4. having parents who had acne

People are most at the chance of producing acne during puberty. During this time, your body undergoes hormonal changes. So then, these changes can trigger oil increasing, leading to an increased risk of acne. Hormonal acne related to puberty usually subsides or at least repairs when you reach adulthood.

Diagnosis of acne

However, if you have signs of acne, your doctor can make an examination by checking your skin. Thus your doctor will identify the types of lesions and their severity to determine the best treatment.

Treatment of acne

Home care

Also, there are a few self-care activities you can try at home to stop pimples and clear up your acne. Generally, home remedies for pimples include:

  1. cleaning your skin daily with mild soap to remove excess oil and dirt
  2. also, shampooing your hair regularly and keeping it out of your face
  3. together with using makeup that’s water-based
  4. for the most part not pinching or picking pimples, which spreads bacteria and excess oil
  5. avoid wearing hats or tight headbands
  6. not touching your face

Medication

If self-care doesn’t help, a few over-the-counter acne medications are available. Most of these medications contain elements that can help kill bacteria or reduce oil on your skin. These include:

  • Benzoyl peroxide is present in many acne creams and gels. It dries out existing pimples and blocking new ones. Benzoyl peroxide also kills acne-causing bacteria.
  • Sulphur is a natural ingredient with a distinctive smell that’s present in some lotions, cleansers, and masks.
  • Resorcinol is a less common ingredient for removing dead skin cells.
  • Salicylic acid is present in soaps and acne washes. It helps prevent pores from getting plugged.

Sometimes, you may continue the symptoms. If this occurs, you may want to seek medical advice. Your doctor can prescribe medications that may help decrease your symptoms and prevent scarring. These include:

  • Oral or topical antibiotics reduce inflammation and kill the bacteria that cause pimples. Typically, use antibiotics for a short time so that your body doesn’t build up a resistance and leave you prone to infections.
  • Prescription topical creams such as retinoic acid or prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide are often stronger than over-the-counter treatments. They work to reduce oil production. Benzoyl peroxide serves as a bactericidal agent that prevents the acne-causing bacteria to antibody. It also has moderate comedone-destroying and anti-inflammatory properties.

Hormonal acne

Women with hormonal acne may be treated with birth control pills or spironolactone. These medications regulate hormones that can cause acne through a drop in oil production.

In short, Isotretinoin (Accutane) is a vitamin-A-based medication used to treat certain cases of severe nodular pimples. It can create serious side effects, and it’s only used when other treatments don’t work.

Your doctor may suggest methods to treat severe acne and prevent scarring. These procedures work by removing damaged skin and diminishing oil production. They include:

  • Photodynamic therapy uses medication and a special light or laser to reduce oil production and bacteria. Other lasers may be used alone to help improve pimples or scarring.
  • Dermabrasion removes the top layers of your skin with a rotating brush and would be best for treating acne scarring as opposed to a treatment for acne. Microdermabrasion is a milder treatment that helps remove dead skin cells.
  • A chemical peel removes the top layers of your skin. That skin peels off to reveal less damaged skin below. Chemical peels can improve mild acne scarring.
  • Your doctor may suggest using cortisone injections if your acne consists of large cysts. Cortisone is a steroid naturally produced by your body. It can reduce inflammation and speed healing. Cortisone is usually used along with other acne treatments.

Outlook for someone with acne

For the most part treatment for this issue is usually successful. Likewise, most people can assume their acne to start cleaning up in six to eight weeks. However, flare-ups are common and may need long-term treatment. In particular, Isotretinoin is the treatment most likely to provide permanent or long-term positive results.

Also, acne scarring can cause emotional discomfort. But, immediate treatment can help prevent scarring. Also, your doctor will have treatment to treat scarring.

How to prevent acne

To begin with, it’s hard to stop acne. But you can take actions at home to help stop acne after treatment. These steps include:

  • washing your face twice a day with an oil-free cleanser
  • using an over-the-counter acne cream to remove excess oil
  • avoiding makeup that contains oil
  • removing makeup and cleaning your skin thoroughly before bed
  • showering after exercising
  • avoiding tight-fitting clothing
  • eating a healthy diet with minimal refined sugars
  • reducing stress

Likewise, speak with your doctor to learn more about strategies to manage it.

1. Apple Cider Vinegar

It’s a very popular solution, still, use it with a lot of care as it can make irritant effects. Use a ratio of 1:3 is to create a liquid and dab it on the pimples twice a day very carefully kept on for half a minute and then washed off. Together with lactic acid and succinic acid in this vinegar provides anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action on the pimples.

2. Honey And Cinnamon

For example honey and cinnamon both best for acne. Use a 2:1 ratio to completely dry out and reduce scarring of your pimples or use it as a whole face mask. As a result, it dries on the skin, first do a patch test.

3. Honey

Likewise, sensitive skin might be allergic to the above combination. You can use plain honey for your acne due to its soothing and moisturising characteristics which bring the inflammation down. Also, you can apply it on a full face.

4. Tea Tree Oil

Use it in a dilution of a 1:8 ratio as tea tree oil serves to be very strong and irritant when applied undiluted. In this case, always dilute the essential oil in a carrier oil first. Generally, a ratio of 4- 5% tea tree oil formulation is perfect for the skin. Also, it can be blended with an oil-free, acne friendly moisturising gel.

5. Aspirin

Yes, it is surprisingly affordable and powerful. A mixture of 1:3 aspirin to water can be used with honey or curd or both and used as a face mask or spot application for about half an hour till it dries out. Clean your face before using it as a home remedy for pimples.

6. Rosemary Extract

Generally, rosemary extract is a known antibacterial and antioxidant oil. Accordingly, apply on your pimples with a cotton bud or cotton ball and wash away in 15 to 20 minutes.

7. Green Tea

Not only is it good for ingestion but also for skincare. It is filled with antioxidants and also bacteria-fighting features which make it very efficient to just spray on the face or applied exactly on your acne using a cotton bud. For the most part, the normal preparation of green tea can be cooled down to be used.

8. Jojoba Oil

This shrub derived oil also has anti-acne properties and can be used after dilution in a clay mask, moisturising cream or gel formulations or can also be applied as a spot application on the pimples.

9. Aloe Vera

Similarly, aloe vera contains salicylic acid and sulphur that help efficiently in bringing down the redness, pain and drying up the pus in the pimples, ultimately soothing the skin. In this case, use it directly from your plant if you are not allergic to it. Try spot application first.

10. Cucumber Ice

Such as make cucumber paste in your blender and freeze it as cubes. For example, this can be used for very painful reddish inflammatory pimples to calm them down and bring you relief from the pain immediately.

Must avoid

1.For the most part do not try toothpaste, baking soda, lemon juice or coconut oil for acne.

2. Also, consume healthy diet and avoid junk food and sweets and sugary drinks.

3. Good sleep is necessary for our body functions but important for our skin as well.

4. Regular exercise for at least 30 minutes a day is needed.

Thus hope these tips will work magically to remove pimples from your face?

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